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Neuroprotective Effects of Deuterium‑Depleted Water (DDW) Against H2O2‑Induced Oxidative Stress in Differentiated PC12 Cells Through the PI3K/Akt Signaling Pathway

Authors: Yongfu Wu, Dongyun Qin, Huiling Yang, Wenya Wang, Jifei Xiao, Le Zhou, and Hui Fu
Oxidative stress plays an important role in the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer’s disease and Parkinson’s disease. Induction of endogenous antioxidants to act against oxidative stress-mediated neuronal damage seems
to be a reasonable strategy for delaying the progression of such diseases. In this study, we investigated the neuroprotective effect of deuterium-depleted water (DDW) against H2O2- induced oxidative stress in differentiated PC12 cells and the possible
signaling pathways involved. The differentiated PC12 cell line was pretreated with DDW containing different concentrations (50–100 ppm) of deuterium and then treated with H2O2 to induce oxidative stress and neurotoxicity. We assessed cell survival, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, TUNEL assay, catalase (CAT), copper and zinc containing superoxide dismutase (CuZn-SOD) and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity and performed Western blot analysis to investigate the neuroprotective effect of DDW. The results indicated that DDW could attenuate H2O2- induced apoptosis, reduce ROS formation, and increase CAT, CuZn-SOD and SOD activity in H2O2-
= treated PC12 cells. Western blot analysis revealed that DDW treatment significantly increased the expression of p-Akt, Bcl-2 and GSK-3β. However, the protective effect of DDW on cell survival and the DDW-mediated increases in p-Akt, Bcl-2 and GSK-3β were abolished by pretreatment with the phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor LY294002. In summary, DDW may protect differentiated PC12 cells against
H2O2- induced oxidative stress through the PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.

Anti-inflammatory Effects of Deuterium-Depleted Water Plus Rosa Damascena Mill. Essential Oil Via Cyclooxygenase-2 Pathway in Rats
A szervezet szubnormális deutériumszintjének kedvező élettani hatása a glükózintoleranciára, valamint a szérum HDL- és Na+-koncentrációra /Effect of subnormal level of deuterium on glucose tolerance, serum HDL- and Na+-concentration

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